Types of Research
1. Qualitative Research
Qualitative research is descriptive and tends to utilize analysis. In this research the method and its significance are explained using the theoretical foundation as a basis to focus on research that is based upon information available within the area.
The theoretical foundation is also a factor in providing a broad description of the research’s background as well as the basis for a analysis of the research results. Research conducted in qualitative research has a narrow scope of study. Researchers who conduct qualitative research have to participate in the circumstances or events in question, which is due to the fact that the results of qualitative research require a detailed analysis by researchers.
In general, qualitative research collects the majority of the data from conversations and observation. Then the researcher analyzes the results to determine whether it is likely to develop new concepts or theories in the event that the findings of the study are in contradiction to the theories that was used to conduct the research.
There are many techniques that can be utilized for qualitative research, such as the phenomenological method and grounded theory techniques and ethnographic techniques and case study techniques, and methods of narrative research. Narrative research is a method of research where the researcher conducts an investigation on someone to collect data about his life.
The phenomenological approach is a technique by where researchers gather information using observations of participants to discover the fundamental characteristics of people who participate in their lives. The ground theory approach is one that allows the researcher to generalize the object observed inductively or conducts an interaction based on the perspectives of the individuals who are being studied.
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The ethnographic method, however, is a technique by which researchers conduct studies about the cultural practices of the group, as well as through interviews and observations. The case study technique is that is used to discover or investigate the motives behind a particular incident that took place. The instance can serve as the foundation to further study.
Research methods that are qualitative
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2. Quantitative Research
Quantitative research investigates in a systematic manner an issue by gathering information that can be analyzed by using mathematics, statistics and computer technology. Quantitative research is the process of generating theories related to natural phenomena.
The quantitative research serves an important function in relation to measurement. In this research measuring is the main focus of the study. This is due to the fact that results of measurement can help determine the relation between observations made by the observer as well as the conclusions of the results of the. Quantitative research is also designed to identify the connections between the variables of a group.
Quantitative research can also help establish a research strategy. There are two kinds of quantitative research design which are descriptive studies as well as research studies that are experimental. Descriptive research is research that tests the relationship between variables once. In contrast, experiments are conducted when researchers are looking to determine variables prior to and after the research. Tests conducted prior to and after the study are conducted to find out the causes and effects.
Quantitative research can be described as having several aspects that are based on the characteristics. One of them is the quantitative research that is focused on particular problems and is used as research. Another feature is that research that is quantitative is designed to solve the issues identified from the research. The research is not tied to the outcome, but to the method.
Another aspect of research that is quantitative is that researchers are the main instrument used in the collection of data. Following that, the research is not permanent. The research was conducted via observations, interviews or analysis methods. Based on the findings of qualitative research, the findings of the research are qualitative.
The fundamental idea behind quantitative research is to measure. The measurement will reveal a correlation between the observations that are made both empirically as well as mathematically. Quantitative research is widely utilized in the sciences of the natural world and in physics. To learn more about the importance of quantitative research you can check out the book written by Dr. Prof. Professor Dr. Endang Widi, which outlines details of Theory and Practice of Quantitative and Qualitative Research.
The methods employed in research that is quantitative. Comparative research is one of the methods that is employed to figure the difference between variables being studied. The method employs manipulative capabilities to ensure that the results is objective and precise. This process is performed in a natural way, to ensure that the differences between those variables can be readily apparent.
A descriptive approach is technique used in research that reveals information through the description of what was discovered. Researchers simply write their research reports with their own eyes. The writers simply describe the topic of the object that is being studied.
Alongside the methods described above There is also the correlation technique. The correlation method is a technique which is aimed at explaining the more that two findings. This method is more appropriate to apply when discussing similarities or differences in order that the results of research can be more precise. The correlation method is better to be used in research with the intention of establishing an exact research start place.
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In addition to the quantitative and qualitative techniques There is also an integrated study of both. The book written by Professor. Dr. A. Muri Yusuf is a textbook which focuses on research as an integrated system. The methods of research in the book are summarized in 17 chapters, which include examples and model research.
Research methods that are quantitative
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3. Experimental Research
Experimental research involves trial and trial and. The word “experiment” may be well-known. Since the beginning of elementary school, the word experiment has been used. For instance, experiments for making rockets using recycled bottles, and other. This experiment is designed to test a hypothesis , or to establish a cause-and impact relationship to achieve a certain purpose.
Research in the field of experimental is further divided into four categories, which are real experimental, pre-experimental factorial and quasi-experimental design. When it comes to pre-experimental research study is not considered the most serious aspects of research since there are external variables which influence the creation of the dependent variable.
Research that is truly experimental is in which the researcher is able to manage all variables that influence the outcome of the study. When controlling all the available variables, the efficiency of the of research could be improved. Thus, true experiments have an experimental group that is controlled and research samples that are selected randomly.
Research in factorial design is an altered type of research that is based on true experiments. The modification involves investigating the possibility of moderator variables that could influence the independent variables.
Quasi Experimental is the result of real research. But, this kind of experiment is difficult to conduct. The Quasi-experimental experiment includes a control group, but it can’t fully manage other variables that could impact the research. This kind of test is generally utilized because in reality it is hard to establish an appropriate control group for the course of the study.
4. Descriptive Research
Descriptive research defines the characteristics of a particular population or event that is the subject of study. Descriptive research is focused more on the subject of the research. Therefore, this research will provide information about an event that took place.
Descriptive research is primarily based on the goal of describing and explaining the thing or event that is being studied. The main criteria used in descriptive research is that the issues formulated need to be worthy of investigation. The formula of the issue to be tackled should be examined first to determine whether the solution has scientific merit.
The research using descriptive methods must not be overly broad in its research goals. The objective must be specific, so that the results that are derived from research can be more specific. If the goal of the research isn’t specific it is possible that the explanation will be too lengthy, and the subject too general. Additionally, the data utilized are also made up of facts, and are the same as other kinds of research.
Researchers conducting descriptive research should be in the field to ensure they can view and take the data. In order to be verified whether it is in line with the data, and that it’s easier for researchers to integrate it in research reports. The criteria for comparison in descriptive research should also be validated so that there isn’t any element of doubt.
There are many methods that are used for descriptive research. These are surveys and descriptive sustainability techniques such as case studies jobs analysis library research, and comparative research. Comparative research uses the method of comparison for each information gathered.
Survey methods are a method that requires the researcher is required to communicate in direct contact with the topic that is being studied. The survey method may employ an instrument that is completed by the subject or by the subject’s opinion. In addition, the sustainable descriptive method is a technique that continuously gathers data to ensure that the information is more precise.
In the case study method it is the way in which research is conducted with an emphasis on the subject of the research. Researchers may be involved either directly or indirectly when employing the method of case study. The job analysis method utilizes a data collection method which analyzes an employment or process. Contrary to the library approach, which analyzes and collects data by studying the outcomes of writing which have a connection to the subject matter being studied.
5. Mixed Research
Research that is mixed incorporates qualitative and quantitative types of research. This type of mixed research is more complicated than the previous studies since it is not just about collecting and analyze data, but incorporates the functions of both and qualitative study. The combination of these two methods of research will give a better understanding of the problem identified.
Mixed methods research is the goal of helping researchers comprehend the problem through the presentation of qualitative data that includes descriptive information and quantitative information which are numbers. Mixed research techniques also have the goal of getting quantitative results in statistical analysis of a particular research topic and later observed by people for more thorough results.
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Similar to other research mixed research is also characterized by various methods to use. It is possible to use a sequential mix technique This is a method which combines findings from one method with findings from a different method. For instance, researchers could begin with qualitative methods, before moving on to quantitative methods.
Additionally, there is also a mixed method concurrently which is a process where the researcher is able to combine qualitative and quantitative data. The data collection process is designed to provide analysis and solving research issues. It differs in comparison to the transformative mixed technique which uses an academic point of view as a basis for analysis, which is comprised of quantitative and qualitative information.
Apart from the various kinds of research mentioned in the previous paragraphs, there are other types of research , such as simulation or historic and culture. This kind of research has to be based consistent with the research that is to be conducted.