Research Method ; Definitions and How To Create it

Research Method ; Definitions and How To Create it

Research methodology is one of the most critical parts of research definition. This is because, for every example of research, results to look valid must include a method using either quantitative or qualitative use.

Even though they have a role to play, every student who is doing research for the first time rarely knows how to make a research methodology. That is why we created this article.

Research Methodology 

the methodology is a series of discussions that explain the theoretical concepts of various methods, advantages, and disadvantages, which are used in scientific work, which is then followed by the selection of the method used. This is as described by Hidayat and Sedarmayanti (2002)

Types of Research Methodology

The various examples of research, and methodologies are generally divided into two types. Among others are as follows;


Examples of quantitative research methods are made using numerical characteristics (lift), either described in the form of graphs, analytical data or described in table images so that special abilities are needed in representing them.


Examples of qualitative research methods used are usually in the form of interviews taken based on predetermined research samples. So in this qualitative type it takes a relatively long time to manufacture.

How to Create a Research Methodology

So how do you make a good research methodology? Here are the steps in making its preparation. Among others;

Explaining Your Method

The first thing to do is take a look research topic first. If the topic refers to numerical figures, it is highly recommended, and a certainty that the method used is quantitative. However, if you do not use numerical data, you must use qualitative research.

For such reasons, in the preparation process, sample research proposals must include the methodology clearly and unequivocally. So that later research results are expected to be in accordance with the plan (research hypothesis).

Restate your research problem

Begin your research methodology section by listing the problem or question you wish to study. Include your hypothesis, if applicable, or what you would like to prove through your research.

Define your overall methodological approach. Your overall

Approach will be either qualitative or quantitative. Sometimes, you can also use a mix of the two approaches. Briefly explain why you chose your approach.

Define how you collect data

This step tells your readers when and where you conducted your research and what data applied basic parameters to ensure the relative objectivity of your results.

Provide background for unusual methods

Especially in the social sciences, you may use methods that are generally not used or do not seem appropriate to formulate your research problem. These methods may require additional explanation. Qualitative research methods usually require more detailed proof than quantitative methods.

Cite any sources that contributed to your chosen methodology.

If you use the work of others to help you create or apply your methodology, discuss those works and how they contributed to your research.

Justifying Your Choice of Methods

The next step needed in making a research methodology is to provide a justification statement that the choice of methodology is relevant to the research being planned. This is necessary to support synchronization in the future.

Describe the selection criteria for your data collection

If you are collecting primary data, you likely set eligibility parameters. State those parameters clearly and tell your readers why you put them and how they are essential to your research.

Distinguish your research from any weaknesses in your method

Each research method has its advantages and disadvantages. Briefly discuss weaknesses or criticisms of your chosen method, then explain how they are not particularly relevant to your research.

Reading sample research papers is a good way to identify potential problems that commonly arise with a variety of methods. State whether you actually experienced any of these common problems during the study.

Describe how you overcame existing

Barriers Overcoming obstacles in your research can be one of the most important parts of your methodology. Your problem-solving skills can increase your readers’ confidence in your study results.

If you encounter a problem while you are collecting data, describe the steps you took to minimize the effect of the problem on your results.

Evaluate other methods you can use.

Especially if you are using a method that seems unusual for your research, include a discussion of other methods that are commonly used for your type of research. Explain why you chose not to use it.

Linking Your Methods to Your Research Objectives

It is important to note that in the process of developing a research methodology, it is necessary to link it to the objectives of the research being conducted. This is to match the objectives with the results to be carried out (analysis of research results).

Describe how you analyzed your results Your

The analysis will generally depend on whether your approach is qualitative, quantitative, or a mixture of the two. If you use a quantitative approach, you might use statistical analysis. With a qualitative approach, state what theoretical perspective or philosophy you are using.

Depending on your research question, you might mix quantitative and qualitative analysis – just as you could potentially use both approaches. For example, you can perform statistical analysis and then interpret those statistics through a specific theoretical lens.

Explain how your analysis fits your research objectives.

Ultimately, your overall methodology should be able to produce answers to your research questions. If it doesn’t fit, you will need to adjust your methodology or reframe your research question.

Thus at least identify how your analysis answers your research question. Reconnect your methodology to your research question and present the proposed results based on your analysis. Be specific about what your findings will reveal about your research question.

Assess whether your findings are transferable or generalize

You may be able to transfer your findings to other contexts or generalize them to a wider population. Transferability can be problematic in social science research, especially using a qualitative approach.

Generalization is more often used in quantitative research. If you have a well-designed sample, you can statistically apply your results to the larger population of your sample.

Well, that was a series of articles that we have completed related to the existence of research methodologies qualitative and quantitative. Hopefully through, this material can be a reference for all readers.



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