- 1 Early Human Research in the World
The discovery of the earliest human species was a significant milestone in the development of humanity in the field of science based upon the evidence that is available. Through numerous studies conducted by scientists, different human fossils were discovered across the globe. In order to be used to better understand the evolution of human existence.
In general, the early human race left evidence, whether footprints, chiseled stonesor genetic material or other evidence that can reveal how they survived and spread across the planet. This is why a lot of scientists and research are continuing to search for evidence of these ancient people. There are a variety of studies that have been conducted on ancient humans from different parts of the globe, such as:
Research in Zhoukoudien cave, China
This study was carried out through Davidson Black, a paleoanthropologist from Canada. He was able to locate the remains of a Homo erectus fossil called Sinanthropus pekinensis. This ancient human is believed to have lived from 400 to 250 thousand years earlier. The brain’s volume is approximately 800-900 cc, with a length of 165-180 centimeters.
Research conducted in Siwalik mountains, Pakistan
This study was carried out by G. Edward Lewis a paleontologist at Yale University. He was in 1930 when he found an fossil that had features that differed from the ape and evolved into the human shape. The discovery was named Ramapithecus Brevirostris. It is one of one of the earliest Hominid but it is being debated as to the question of whether this species evolved into humans in the early days or not.
The research conducted in Neander Valley, Dusseldrof Germany
This study was carried out through Rudolf Virchow an anthropologist from Germany. In 1856, he discovered the fossils of an early human being named Homo Neandherthalensis. The earliest human’s place in evolution is situated between Homo Erectus in addition to Homo Sapiens.
The caves are the subject of research in Cro-Magnon in France
The research was conducted by Edouard Lartet a geologist from France. In 1868, he discovered the remains of an old human being named Homo Cro-Magnon. The ancient human lived between 40 to 10 thousand years ago. He was about 161-171cm tall and has a strong body and powerful muscles. It is believed that this human from the past is the very first Homo to possess a protruding chin. But, there is the possibility that the temple man was Homo sapiens.
Research conducted at Taung Mine, South Africa. Taung minein South Africa
This study was carried out by Raymond Dart an anthropologist from South Africa. The year 1925 was when Dart discovered the fossil skull of a young human infant known as Australopithecus Africanus. The discovery led to other studies in the limestone caves of the country. The largest fossil collection was found in the Sterkfontein Cave in 1946, by Robert Broom, the country’s paleontologist. Australopithecus Africanus is thought to have existed somewhere between 3 and 2.4 million years in the past.