It is the careful study of a subject or issue whether to prove or deny a notion and to discover the truth. The validity of research is typically measured by the precision and thoroughness of the research process or phases.
Similar to the study of historical events, which is part of a comprehensive data collection and analysis. The difference is that the research is focused on the past and events that qualify for historical significance.
Like research generally the field of historical research has its own unique characteristics, such as being rational, which means with logical and reasonable facts; empirical significance that is based on observations backed by evidence that is solid; and short-term, which could be understood as being able for further strengthening or modified in the event of new evidence being discovered.
Historical research goes through specific steps, or stages which must be taken prior to starting the research. The steps include choosing the topic, gathering historical data, and confirming sources for data.
The Selection of Research Topics
The first step in historical research is to determine the subject to be studied. This is a step to ensure that the research for historical sources targeted and focused.
The basis of consideration for the selection of research topics are:
- Genuineity (originality)
- Practical and efficient
- Inspire your spirit to achieve powerful outcomes.
Historical Data Collection
The act of collecting historical data is related to the topic of study.
There are a variety of options for collecting historical data. To be sure that we’re on the right path it is important to first determine the types of data sources we require, be it they are written or oral or objects sources.
- Written source
These resources are available in archives, libraries newspapers, government offices editorial offices, and various other media.
- Oral sources
The source is available through the visit of the perpetrators and witnesses to the events of history we are interested in studying.
- object source
This can take forms of objects or artifacts we can discover in museums or on the site.
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Data Source Verification
Historical research is a method to discover, seek out the truth about historical events. The truth has to be backed by evidence that is solid, by way of historical documents whose credibility has been proven.
Source verification focuses on two aspects that are important, which is authenticity of sources (authenticity) as well as the trustworthiness to the authenticity of the source (reliability). The test for authenticity of the source is performed with criticism from outside, whereas the reliability test of sources is conducted by internal critics.
External criticism is a way to look at the physical features of the sources uncovered. Internal criticism is a method to assess the level of trust in the source.