Definition and Types of Descriptive Research

Definition and Types of Descriptive Research

Descriptive research is used to solve a problem, the types of information examined using descriptive research are case studies, correlation studies, comparative studies, prediction studies, and evaluation studies. Survey research is used to collect data to confirm a large population using a small sample. The population can be about people, institutions, agencies, organizations, and others. Survey data collection and collection by interview, can be telephone interview, through questionnaire, or postal questionnaire.

Definition of Descriptive Research

Descriptive research is a research that is made with the main objective to provide an objective description or description of a situation. This research design is used to answer or solve a problem faced in the current situation. Descriptive research also has the meaning of research with a view to accurately describing a phenomenon or characteristic of an individual, group, or situation.

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It can be said that descriptive research is made to describe a series of events or conditions in the current population. Descriptive research is a way to find a new meaning, describe a situation of existence, categorize information, and determine the frequency of occurrence of something. Descriptive research is conducted with a focus on certain aspects and usually often raises the relationship between various variables.

Types of Descriptive Research

1. Prediction Study

Predictive studies are used to guess about the possibility of a symptom based on other symptoms that have appeared and then known beforehand.

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2. Comparative Study

Research using the comparative method or comparative study is done by comparing similarities and differences as a phenomenon to find out what factors and how certain events arise. Comparative studies are carried out by collecting facts about what factors cause certain symptoms, and then comparing them.

After knowing the differences and similarities of the causes, then it is determined that a factor is the cause of the emergence of symptoms in the object under study, that is the reason for these symptoms to exist. It can also be done by comparing which variables or factors have the most influence on the changes that occur in the research being conducted.

3. Correlation Studies

The purpose of correlation research is to reveal a correlative relationship between variables without knowing whether the relationship is a causal relationship. The purpose of the correlative relationship itself is a relationship that states a change in one variable is followed by a change in other variables. In the correlative relationship, the closeness between the two variables is monitored, therefore this study involves at least two variables.

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In the study of a relationship shows a causal relationship. but shows a parallel relationship. The significant correlation coefficient between height and weight illustrates the existence of an association between height and weight, the taller the body weight will also increase, the shorter the weight will be lighter, it does not mean that height affects weight or anything. weight will affect height. Relationship studies can not only be done with two variables, but can also be done more than two variables.

4. Case Study

A case study is an in-depth study of an aspect of the social environment including humans in it which is carried out in such a way as to produce a complete and well-organized picture.

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Case studies are carried out by examining a problem with a case consisting of a single unit. This single unit means one person, a population group with problems, or a community in a certain area.

5. Survey

A survey is a method of descriptive research that is carried out for a set of objects, usually quite a lot in a certain period of time. The purpose of the survey is to make an assessment of the current condition and implementation of a program and the results are used to develop a plan for improving the program.

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