- 1 9 Step in Making Proposal
- 1.1 First, come up with a title for your research proposal.
- 1.2 Step 2: As Stated in the Abstract
- 1.3 Phase 3 : Goals and Purposes
- 1.4 Phase 4: Context
- 1.5 Phase 5: Technique and Approach
- 1.6 The Sixth Stage: Make a Plan and a Timeline
- 1.7 Ethical Approval, Step 7
- 1.8 Resources, Step 8
- 1.9 Here We Are, At Step Nine: The Budget
First, come up with a title for your research proposal.
A significant aspect of the research proposal is the selection of a suitable name for your study. In 25 words or fewer, it should describe your study goals and methodology for the user. Also, it’s a good idea to give your study both a Maori and an English name. As long as the title relates to the research question, it can be anything you want it to be.
Step 2: As Stated in the Abstract
The length of your full research proposal can range from 5,000 to 25,000 words. Therefore, you should provide a synopsis of the full paper. The abstract is a brief overview of the entire study proposal; in it, you should highlight the most crucial aspects of each chapter. Writing the abstract after finishing the rest of the research proposal can be helpful.
Phase 3 : Goals and Purposes
Using the working title as a springboard, describe the scope and purpose of your study below. You should be able to describe the research question, the research’s intended outcome, and your technique and approach in depth.
In this area, you should talk about the research topic you’re trying to solve or analyze, your hypothesis, the scope of the research (what will be included in the study), and the limitations of the study (what won’t).
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Phase 4: Context
In this section, you should explain how you arrived at your research question. Here, you’ll need to show that you’ve read and comprehended the relevant literature and studies around your planned study topic. This will help the reader appreciate the significance of your study and its context with other relevant research.
Given its importance, the background section of your proposal should consist of a thorough analysis of the relevant literature (see literature review). You should be able to explain the topic of the existing literature and point out its shortcomings, problems, or points of controversy. Furthermore, you should be able to insert yourself into debates on topics related to your research question and demonstrate how your study fits into the existing literature. The goal of this section is to show the reader that you have a firm grasp of the research area and the literature around it, and that your study will add to the body of knowledge in this area.
Phase 5: Technique and Approach
This section of the proposal is where you’ll detail your plan to actually conduct the research. As a rule of thumb, the methodology is the theory that will be invoked to back up the selection of the specific research methodologies you’ve settled on. Research methods can be derived from a wide variety of sources. How you plan to conduct the research into the question is described here. Possible approaches include: questionnaires, huis, in-depth individual interviews, focus group interviews, wnangas, surveys, and so on.
Kaupapa Mori is a way of doing things that inspires and directs Maori research practices. Here, you should explain what Kaupapa Mori is, why you’ve chosen to employ it as a research methodology, and how your specific research topic relates to the larger body of work.
You will need to justify your decision to employ a methodology other than Kaupapa Mori and show how doing so advances your research goals.
To that aim, you should explain the rationale behind your methodology selection and go into great depth about the various approaches you plan to take. Talking about how many people you hope to interview for your study, where you plan to find them, and what you hope to accomplish with their participation is also important.
The Sixth Stage: Make a Plan and a Timeline
You will need to show that your study can be completed in the allotted time limit. Your proposal’s timeline can be entirely up to you, or it can be constrained by the institution to which you’re submitting it. In any case, you must be able to map out the entire project’s trajectory from start to completion. You should add any deliverables, reports, or findings you plan to produce to this timeline.
Ethical Approval, Step 7
Research involving human subjects is subject to review by ethical advisory committees or boards at several academic institutions. Ethical approval is sought so that the researcher can conduct their study in a way that doesn’t violate the rights of the study’s participants or any other people who might be affected by the study. You should investigate what kind of ethical review is needed for your research project. Depending on the organizational, financial, and subject matter context, you may need to seek approval from multiple advisory committees. Ethical review applications are collected directly from the review boards.
Kaupapa Mori research is conducted with a strong emphasis on ethical considerations. Your ability to interact with communities, do research with them, and publish your findings depends on your familiarity of research ethics. It’s important for researchers and participants to feel “culturally comfortable” during studies, therefore Mori community research organizations are writing up their own set of rules to help everyone involved.
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In the ‘ethical permission’ area, you should specify the organization(s) you want to approach for approval and the dates (and lengths) for which they have given their blessing.
Resources, Step 8
In this section, you’ll show the reader why you’re the right person to conduct the suggested study. You’ll need to talk about the tools at your disposal that allow you to conduct this study. For instance, there are material resources (like research instruments) and human resources (like familiarity with the field, region, or community being studied) that will allow you as a researcher (or research team) to carry out the research from start to finish.
It’s also a good idea to mention any materials you’re still missing and the plans you have to get them in order to finish the research (i.e. through funding, through research collaborations etc.)
Here We Are, At Step Nine: The Budget
While a budget may not be necessary for some types of research proposals (such as thesis proposals for academic institutions), it is essential if you want to seek funding for your research that you can demonstrate the need for, and the reasonableness of, that funding. To back up your request for funding, you should submit a detailed budget showing the costs you anticipate incurring to complete the research. The budget’s size ought to be proportional to the scope of the research undertaking, although specific allocations of funds will vary from project to project. Budgets may need to account for a number of different things, including the researcher’s time, human resources (including other research assistants, transcribers, advisory board members), technical equipment (Dictaphones, transcribers, computer hardware and software, etc.), stationary, koha, and more.